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Kalamazoo Zoo Case Study Analysis

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Kalamazoo Zoo Case Study Analysis

Business is currently one of the most significant food chains worldwide. It was established by Henri Kalamazoo Zoo in 1866, a German Pharmacist who initially released "FarineLactee"; a mix of flour and milk to feed babies and reduce mortality rate.
Business is now a transnational business. Unlike other multinational business, it has senior executives from different nations and tries to make decisions thinking about the entire world. Kalamazoo Zoo currently has more than 500 factories around the world and a network spread throughout 86 nations.

Purpose

The purpose of Kalamazoo Zoo Corporation is to improve the quality of life of people by playing its part and supplying healthy food. It wants to help the world in forming a healthy and better future for it. It likewise wishes to motivate people to live a healthy life. While making sure that the business is prospering in the long run, that's how it plays its part for a much better and healthy future

Vision

Kalamazoo Zoo's vision is to provide its customers with food that is healthy, high in quality and safe to eat. It wishes to be innovative and simultaneously understand the needs and requirements of its consumers. Its vision is to grow quickly and offer items that would satisfy the needs of each age group. Kalamazoo Zoo visualizes to develop a well-trained labor force which would help the company to grow
.

Mission

Kalamazoo Zoo's objective is that as presently, it is the leading business in the food industry, it believes in 'Excellent Food, Good Life". Its objective is to supply its consumers with a variety of options that are healthy and finest in taste. It is concentrated on offering the best food to its consumers throughout the day and night.

Products.

Business has a large range of items that it provides to its consumers. Its items consist of food for infants, cereals, dairy products, treats, chocolates, food for animal and mineral water. It has around four hundred and fifty (450) factories worldwide and around 328,000 employees. In 2011, Business was noted as the most rewarding organization.

Goals and Objectives

• Bearing in mind the vision and mission of the corporation, the business has set its objectives and objectives. These goals and objectives are listed below.
• One goal of the company is to reach no land fill status. (Business, aboutus, 2017).
• Another goal of Kalamazoo Zoo is to lose minimum food during production. Frequently, the food produced is squandered even prior to it reaches the consumers.
• Another thing that Business is dealing with is to improve its packaging in such a method that it would help it to lower those complications and would likewise guarantee the shipment of high quality of its items to its clients.
• Meet global standards of the environment.
• Construct a relationship based on trust with its customers, company partners, workers, and federal government.

Critical Issues

Just Recently, Business Company is focusing more towards the method of NHW and investing more of its revenues on the R&D technology. The nation is investing more on acquisitions and mergers to support its NHW method. Nevertheless, the target of the business is not accomplished as the sales were expected to grow higher at the rate of 10% per year and the operating margins to increase by 20%, given up Exhibition H. There is a need to focus more on the sales then the development technology. Otherwise, it may lead to the decreased income rate. (Henderson, 2012).

Situational Analysis.

Analysis of Current Strategy, Vision and Goals

The present Business strategy is based on the idea of Nutritious, Health and Health (NHW). This method deals with the concept to bringing modification in the customer preferences about food and making the food things much healthier worrying about the health issues.
The vision of this technique is based upon the key approach i.e. 60/40+ which simply suggests that the items will have a rating of 60% on the basis of taste and 40% is based upon its dietary worth. The items will be manufactured with additional nutritional worth in contrast to all other products in market acquiring it a plus on its nutritional material.
This method was adopted to bring more yummy plus healthy foods and beverages in market than ever. In competitors with other business, with an objective of maintaining its trust over clients as Business Company has actually gained more relied on by customers.

Quantitative Analysis.

R&D Spending as a percentage of sales are decreasing with increasing actual quantity of spending reveals that the sales are increasing at a greater rate than its R&D costs, and enable the company to more invest in R&D.
Net Earnings Margin is increasing while R&D as a percentage of sales is decreasing. This sign also reveals a thumbs-up to the R&D costs, mergers and acquisitions.
Debt ratio of the business is increasing due to its costs on mergers, acquisitions and R&D development rather than payment of debts. This increasing financial obligation ratio present a threat of default of Business to its financiers and might lead a declining share costs. For that reason, in terms of increasing financial obligation ratio, the company should not spend much on R&D and needs to pay its existing financial obligations to reduce the threat for financiers.
The increasing threat of investors with increasing financial obligation ratio and decreasing share costs can be observed by substantial decline of EPS of Kalamazoo Zoo stocks.
The sales growth of company is also low as compare to its mergers and acquisitions due to slow understanding building of consumers. This slow development also hinder company to more spend on its mergers and acquisitions.( Business, Business Financial Reports, 2006-2010).
Note: All the above analysis is done on the basis of estimations and Graphs given in the Displays D and E.

TWOS Analysis


TWOS analysis can be used to obtain different methods based upon the SWOT Analysis offered above. A short summary of TWOS Analysis is given in Display H.

Strategies to exploit Opportunities using Strengths

Business should introduce more ingenious products by big amount of R&D Costs and mergers and acquisitions. It might increase the market share of Business and increase the earnings margins for the business. It might likewise supply Business a long term competitive benefit over its competitors.
The worldwide expansion of Business must be focused on market capturing of developing nations by expansion, bring in more customers through consumer's commitment. As developing nations are more populated than industrialized countries, it could increase the client circle of Business.

Strategies to Overcome Weaknesses to Exploit Opportunities

Swot AnalysisKalamazoo Zoo should do mindful acquisition and merger of companies, as it could affect the client's and society's perceptions about Business. It ought to get and merge with those business which have a market track record of healthy and healthy companies. It would improve the perceptions of customers about Business.
Business should not only spend its R&D on innovation, rather than it must also focus on the R&D costs over evaluation of cost of numerous nutritious products. This would increase expense performance of its items, which will lead to increasing its sales, due to decreasing rates, and margins.

Strategies to use strengths to overcome threats

Business needs to move to not just developing but likewise to developed countries. It ought to widen its circle to different countries like Unilever which operates in about 170 plus countries.

Strategies to overcome weaknesses to avoid threats

Kalamazoo Zoo should wisely control its acquisitions to avoid the threat of misunderstanding from the customers about Business. It ought to get and combine with those nations having a goodwill of being a healthy company in the market. This would not just enhance the perception of customers about Business but would likewise increase the sales, revenue margins and market share of Business. It would also allow the company to utilize its prospective resources effectively on its other operations instead of acquisitions of those companies slowing the NHW technique development.

Segmentation Analysis

Demographic Segmentation

The group division of Business is based on 4 factors; age, gender, income and profession. For example, Business produces several products related to babies i.e. Cerelac, Nido, and so on and associated to grownups i.e. confectionary items. Kalamazoo Zoo items are rather budget friendly by practically all levels, but its major targeted clients, in terms of earnings level are middle and upper middle level clients.

Geographical Segmentation

Geographical division of Business is composed of its existence in practically 86 countries. Its geographical division is based upon two primary elements i.e. average earnings level of the consumer in addition to the environment of the area. Singapore Business Business's segmentation is done on the basis of the weather of the area i.e. hot, warm or cold.

Psychographic Segmentation

Psychographic division of Business is based upon the personality and lifestyle of the client. Business 3 in 1 Coffee target those customers whose life design is quite hectic and don't have much time.

Behavioral Segmentation

Kalamazoo Zoo behavioral segmentation is based upon the attitude knowledge and awareness of the customer. For instance its extremely healthy products target those consumers who have a health mindful attitude towards their consumptions.

Kalamazoo Zoo Alternatives

In order to sustain the brand in the market and keep the customer intact with the brand name, there are 2 alternatives:
Alternative: 1
The Company should invest more on acquisitions than on the R&D.
Pros:
1. Acquisitions would increase overall possessions of the company, increasing the wealth of the business. Spending on R&D would be sunk expense.
2. The business can resell the obtained units in the market, if it fails to implement its method. Quantity spend on the R&D could not be restored, and it will be considered entirely sunk cost, if it do not offer potential results.
3. Investing in R&D offer slow development in sales, as it takes very long time to introduce a product. Acquisitions provide quick outcomes, as it supply the company already established item, which can be marketed quickly after the acquisition.
Cons:
1. Acquisition of business's which do not fit with the company's values like Kraftz foods can lead the business to deal with misconception of consumers about Business core worths of healthy and healthy products.
2 Big costs on acquisitions than R&D would send out a signal of company's ineffectiveness of developing innovative products, and would outcomes in consumer's frustration.
3. Big acquisitions than R&D would extend the product line of the company by the items which are already present in the market, making business not able to present new innovative items.
Alternative: 2.
The Company ought to invest more on its R&D rather than acquisitions.
Pros:
1. It would allow the business to produce more innovative products.
2. It would provide the company a strong competitive position in the market.
3. It would allow the business to increase its targeted clients by presenting those items which can be used to a completely brand-new market sector.
4. Ingenious items will offer long term benefits and high market share in long term.
Cons:
1. It would decrease the revenue margins of the company.
2. In case of failure, the whole costs on R&D would be considered as sunk expense, and would impact the business at big. The threat is not when it comes to acquisitions.
3. It would not increase the wealth of company, which could provide an unfavorable signal to the financiers, and could result I declining stock prices.
Alternative 3:
Continue its acquisitions and mergers with substantial spending on in R&D Program.
Vrio AnalysisPros:
1. It would permit the business to introduce brand-new innovative items with less risk of converting the spending on R&D into sunk expense.
2. It would supply a favorable signal to the investors, as the total assets of the business would increase with its significant R&D costs.
3. It would not impact the revenue margins of the company at a large rate as compare to alternative 2.
4. It would provide the company a strong long term market position in regards to the company's general wealth in addition to in regards to innovative products.
Cons:
1. Threat of conversion of R&D costs into sunk cost, greater than alternative 1 lower than alternative 2.
2. Threat of misunderstanding about the acquisitions, higher than alternative 2 and lower than option 1.
3. Introduction of less variety of innovative items than alternative 2 and high number of ingenious items than alternative 1.

Kalamazoo Zoo Conclusion

RecommendationsBusiness has actually remained the top market player for more than a decade. It has actually institutionalized its techniques and culture to align itself with the market changes and consumer habits, which has actually eventually allowed it to sustain its market share. Business has developed considerable market share and brand name identity in the metropolitan markets, it is advised that the company needs to focus on the rural areas in terms of establishing brand commitment, awareness, and equity, such can be done by producing a specific brand allotment strategy through trade marketing techniques, that draw clear distinction between Kalamazoo Zoo products and other rival items. Kalamazoo Zoo ought to leverage its brand image of safe and healthy food in catering the rural markets and likewise to upscale the offerings in other categories such as nutrition. This will enable the company to develop brand equity for freshly presented and currently produced items on a greater platform, making the reliable use of resources and brand image in the market.

Kalamazoo Zoo Exhibits

PESTEL Analysis
P
Political
E
Economic
S
Social
T
Technology
L
Legal
E
Environment
Governmental assistance

Changing requirements of global food.
Boosted market share.
Changing assumption towards much healthier items
Improvements in R&D as well as QA divisions.

Introduction of E-marketing.
No such influence as it is favourable.
Worries over recycling.

Use of resources.

Competitor Analysis
Business Unilever PLC Kraft Foods Incorporation DANONE
Sales Growth Highest given that 5000
Highest after Business with much less development than Organisation 8th Least expensive
R&D Spending Greatest considering that 2002 Highest possible after Organisation 2nd Least expensive
Net Profit Margin Highest considering that 2002 with fast growth from 2007 to 2011 Due to sale of Alcon in 2015. Almost equal to Kraft Foods Unification Practically equal to Unilever N/A
Competitive Advantage Food with Nourishment and wellness element Greatest number of brands with lasting practices Biggest confectionary and also refined foods brand name on the planet Biggest milk items as well as mineral water brand name worldwide
Segmentation Center and upper middle level customers worldwide Individual consumers in addition to home group All age as well as Income Client Teams Middle and top center degree customers worldwide
Number of Brands 1st 5th 2nd 1st

Quantitative Analysis​
Analysis of Financial Statements (In Millions of CHF)
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Sales Revenue 72957 841892 544338 829954 266886
Net Profit Margin 3.85% 4.28% 49.24% 3.88% 86.55%
EPS (Earning Per Share) 57.14 6.84 3.77 4.32 93.96
Total Asset 357473 964591 778663 751849 13387
Total Debt 51696 27568 91217 52668 46855
Debt Ratio 74% 81% 79% 51% 28%
R&D Spending 4361 6464 6874 8735 9794
R&D Spending as % of Sales 1.71% 9.13% 8.72% 4.55% 4.21%

Kalamazoo Zoo Executive Summary Kalamazoo Zoo Swot Analysis Kalamazoo Zoo Vrio Analysis Kalamazoo Zoo Pestel Analysis
Kalamazoo Zoo Porters Analysis Kalamazoo Zoo Recommendations